Intipunku, which in Spanish means “Puerta del Sol / Sun’s door”, is an archaeological site located one kilometer south of the citadel of Machu Picchu. It is part of the highway that connects to the Inca citadel. It is known as Puerta del Sol, because at certain times of the year from Machu Picchu, you can see the sun rise just that point.
In Intipunku some inca’s simples constructions are erected, but of great historical value, which help us understand a little more the level of organization that had the Incas in Machu Picchu. For example, we can glimpse the remains of a house which probably served as a checkpoint for all travelers heading to Machu Picchu. It functioned as a sort of custom or military checkpoint control. In Intipunku you can also find traditional Inca terraces.
Huayna Hiñuay is an Inca site located south of Machu Picchu. It is also part of the Inca trail and is among Intipunku and Phuyupatamarka. The remains were discovered by the scientific expedition of Wenner Gren seeking investigate both archaeological sites like the natives of the Andes between 1940 and 1942. The name Hiñuay Huayna, which in Spanish means “Joven por siempre / forever young” was given later to its discovery by the Peruvian archaeologist Julio C. Tello.
Built on a steep hillside from where you can glimpse the Urubamba River, Hiñuay Huayna consists of two sections, one above the other, connected by a long stairway, with the lower sector as the largest. It is basically an agricultural area; sectors are composed of platforms and some Inca buildings that respond to the same pattern of buildings in the citadel of Machu Picchu. The stones that make up the complex are of different quality levels, but some of these have a high quality and are perfectly assembled. As in most Inca structures, windows and covers are trapezoidal.
From Hiñuay Huana you can appreciate an exceptional view of the Andes and the beautiful forest landscape surrounding this beautiful archaeological site.