Machu Picchu can be divided into two main sectors: the urban sector and the agricultural sector. Both sectors are separated by a large perimeter wall.
Located in the southern part of the Inca archaeological complex, the agricultural sector has two own sectors: Upper sector and Lower sector. East side is connected to the Inca Trail and Intipunku. The agricultural sector presents a wide series of terraces whose height can reach up to 4 meters. This area also has great historical value, since it was in this area where a large number of tombs were found, so it is referred to this area as the upper cemetery.
- The Rock Funeral
This is a large block of granite carved a way altar. It is believed to have been used for funerary rituals and sacrificial rituals, healing and offerings to the Pachamama.
- The watchmen house
Build with rustic walls and three large windows facing west. From these building of three walls can have a magnificent panoramic view of Machu Picchu, Huayna Picchu and surrounding areas.
- The Dry Moat
It is a geological fault that was conveniently used by the Incas to separate the urban agriculture sector.
This sector has a total of 172 precincts, connected by 109 steps that allow transit through the citadel. The enclosures are organized in the form of “neighborhoods”. Each has specific functions, which have been determined according to the characteristics of its structure and cultural evidence found at the scene.
Near the quarries, the Incas extracted the need for the construction of the Inca citadel material. Today you can see some works that were abandoned.
- Ceremony center
Located in the “Barrio del rey”, this three-sided enclosure would have been used for ceremonial purposes, as the name implies. Historians believe that this place would have carried out major cults and rituals dedicated to water.
- Real Estate
It is the largest and finest house of those found in the citadel of Machu Picchu. Its main door gives the first source of the city. The Royal Residence has two large rooms, large monolithic lintels.
- Sacred Plaza
This is a group of buildings located around a square courtyard. It is believed that the place was intended for ceremonial activities and rituals. Within this structure it is the famous Temple of the Three Windows, rectangular building and only has, as its name implies, three windows.
In Spanish means “where one ties the sun.” They use was intended for ceremonial matters. Here, rituals were performed to prevent the disappearance of the sun, or in any case, ensure their return. For many years it was considered that it was a sundial and the Incas used only to measure hours